Soybeans Futures Trading Basics

Soybeans futures are standardized, exchange-traded contracts in which the contract buyer agrees to take delivery, from the seller, a specific quantity of soybeans (eg. 5000 bushels) at a predetermined price on a future delivery date.

Soybeans Futures Exchanges

You can trade Soybeans futures at Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) and Tokyo Grain Exchange (TGE).

CBOT Soybeans futures prices are quoted in dollars and cents per bushel and are traded in lot sizes of 5000 bushels (136 metric tons).

TGE Soybeans futures are traded in units of 50 tonnes and contract prices are quoted in yen per metric ton.

Exchange & Product NameSymbolContract SizeInitial Margin
CBOT Soybeans Futures
(Price Quotes)
S5000 bushels
(Full Contract Spec)
USD 4,725 (approx. 10%)
(Latest Margin Info)
TGE Soybeans Futures
(Price Quotes)
-50 tonnes
(Full Contract Spec)
JPY 135,000 (approx. 7%)
(Latest Margin Info)

Soybeans Futures Trading Basics

Consumers and producers of soybeans can manage soybeans price risk by purchasing and selling soybeans futures. Soybeans producers can employ a short hedge to lock in a selling price for the soybeans they produce while businesses that require soybeans can utilize a long hedge to secure a purchase price for the commodity they need.

Soybeans futures are also traded by speculators who assume the price risk that hedgers try to avoid in return for a chance to profit from favorable soybeans price movement. Speculators buy soybeans futures when they believe that soybeans prices will go up. Conversely, they will sell soybeans futures when they think that soybeans prices will fall.

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