Nickel Options Explained

Nickel options are option contracts in which the underlying asset is a nickel futures contract.

The holder of a nickel option possesses the right (but not the obligation) to assume a long position (in the case of a call option) or a short position (in the case of a put option) in the underlying nickel futures at the strike price.

This right will cease to exist when the option expire after market close on expiration date.

Nickel Option Exchanges

Nickel option contracts are available for trading at London Metal Exchange (LME).

LME Nickel option prices are quoted in dollars and cents per metric ton and their underlying futures are traded in lots of 6 tonnes (13228 pounds) of nickel.

Exchange & Product NameUnderlying Contract SizeExercise StyleOption Price Quotes
LME Nickel Options6 ton
(Full Contract Specs)
AmericanN.A.

Call and Put Options

Options are divided into two classes - calls and puts. Nickel call options are purchased by traders who are bullish about nickel prices. Traders who believe that nickel prices will fall can buy nickel put options instead.

Buying calls or puts is not the only way to trade options. Option selling is a popular strategy used by many professional option traders. More complex option trading strategies, also known as spreads, can also be constructed by simultaneously buying and selling options.

Nickel Options vs. Nickel Futures

Compared to the outright purchase of the underlying nickel futures, nickel options offer advantages such as additional leverage as well as the ability to limit potential losses. However, they are also wasting assets that has the potential to expire worthless.

Additional Leverage

Compared to taking a position on the underlying nickel futures outright, the buyer of a nickel option gains additional leverage since the premium payable is typically lower than the margin requirement needed to open a position in the underlying nickel futures.

Limit Potential Losses

As nickel options only grant the right but not the obligation to assume the underlying nickel futures position, potential losses are limited to only the premium paid to purchase the option.

Flexibility

Using options alone, or in combination with futures, a wide range of strategies can be implemented to cater to specific risk profile, investment time horizon, cost consideration and outlook on underlying volatility.

Time Decay

Options have a limited lifespan and are subjected to the effects of time decay. The value of a nickel option, specifically the time value, gets eroded away as time passes. However, since trading is a zero sum game, time decay can be turned into an ally if one choose to be a seller of options instead of buying them.

Learn More About Nickel Futures & Options Trading

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